Bowlby's four stages of Loss observed through studies of attachment; Klein’s integration of loss in the Depressive Position (see above) and Bowlby’s Loss are seen as essential process for integration and healthy emotional development. .
- numbing that usually lasts from a few hours to a week and may be interrupted by outbursts of extremely intense distress and/or anger.
- yearning and searching for the lost figure lasting some months or sometimes for years.
- disorganization and despair.
- greater or less degree of organization
(Bowlby’s original 3-phase process of Loss was published in "Processes Of Mourning" Int. J. Psycho-Anal. 42:317-40.