Terminology: self states; transgression; trauma; victimhood; narrative; collective narrative; identity; collective identity

  1. What does Jessica mean by self states with regard to Israeli victimhood and perpetration?
  2. Can you name leaders who have transgressed the collective norm?
  3. Bassam would not let others see him cry. How might it affect a community that shares a trauma if a leader does not cry?

Building Skills

  1. How might you build a program that might overcome humiliation and shame?
  2. How can you help people think 'outside the box' in order to deconstruct collective narratives and identities and construct a new narrative?